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The economy of these mountains, mainly based on sheep-breeding, is implemented by tourism and environmental activities.
The coastal areas concentrate on fishing and agriculture instead (generally fruit and vegetable production).
In the hills there is a great vine-growing tradition, Cannonau is the most famous wine of the area. (photo: vine).
Ogliastra produces red, white and rosé Cannonau, produced and bottled by the Wineries of Jerzu and Tortoli.
Lanusei, Ilbono and Tortolì are important in the area for the production of olive oil.
Almost every town in the area produces famous types of bread, like "pane carasau" and "pistoccu".
These are thin, crisp sheets of bread cooked in wood -burning ovens.
Other local produce includes "culurgiones" - stuffed ravioli with potato and cheese, flavoured with mint or basil.
Cheeses such as Pecorino Sardo are produced in mountain pastures, as well as Cardedu and Tertenia.
Excellent hams are produced in Talana and Villagrande, and goat's cheese and meat of Baunei, Urzulei and Ulassai are also renowned.
"Dolci Sardi" - Sardinian sweets - are famous for their appeal to the sweet-toothed; locally made delicacies include amaretti, "mostaccioli" (soft biscuits), "sebadas" (fresh cheese and lemon fritters) and "guelfi" (soft ground almond and sugar balls).
Traditional arts and crafts thrive here, weaving and embroidery; knife making and jewellery making, as well as pottery and woodcarving.